Nearly everyone will suffer from those pesky dark spots, also known in the medical world as hyperpigmentation, sometime in their older years. Many people today suffer from dark spots due to multiple health problems such as vitamin D deficiency, cosmetic allergies, drug allergies, hormonal disorders, and sun damage. Hyperpigmentation can also arise from birth marks, freckles, melasma, injuries, burns, acne, rashes, and procedures like waxing and facials. Also, take precaution when tanning, because the temporary skin darkening that results from repeated sun exposure can easily become permanent.

If you realize that you are suffering from hyperpigmentation, consult a doctor as soon as possible. If your dark spots are treated early enough, you will be better able to protect your skin. Instead of seeking help from a professional, many resort to their own home remedies of drinking healthy juices or going to beauty clinics, which do not always sufficiently help their situation. Dermatologists are able to best treat hyperpigmentation because they are able to identify the source of your dark spots and suggest ways to prevent them. Hyperpigmentation is usually treated topically. The application includes ingredients such as hydroquinone, kojic acid, retinoids, glycolic acid, mild steriods, and other skin lightening agents. Sunscreens with an SPF higher than 20 should also be used to prevent hyperpigmentation. Use a higher SPF if you will be outside for an extended period of time, and if you have sensitive skin, buy cosmetics that have sunblocking agents added into them. If you respond poorly to topical medicines or have allergies, you should consider procedures such as chemical peels, lasers, or microdermabrasions. If you notice irritation of the the skin or experience irritation or burning after applying this topical medicine, consult your doctor immediately.

Hyperpigmentation can become a major concern since it is very difficult to get rid of, but by taking some of these precautions you may be better able to handle your dark spots. Attempt to eat at least two vegetables and fruits every day. Don’t drink more than a couple of cups of coffee or tea each day, and do your best to stay away from both spicy foods and junk food. Drink excess amounts of water each day, and attempt to keep regular eating habits and a healthy diet. By doing all of these things you will be able to prevent excess dark spots, and you will have an overall healthier well being.